HEALTH IN WEST BENGAL

Health in West Bengal
Healthcare in West Bengal features a universal health care system run by the state government. The Constitution of India charges every state with "raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties". Ministry of Health & Family Welfare of the Government of West Bengal is responsible for healthcare administration in the state.

The vision and mission of West Bengal Health System, as set by the present Government is :
  • Affordable, accessible, sustainable, high quality essential health care for all in 5 years.
  • Special focus on the poor, mother child and elderly, and those living in underserved areas.
  • Emphasis on the development in hospitals and health care facilities.
  • Emphasis on the development and maintenance of standards of service in hospitals and health care facilities.
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West Bengal Healthcare infrastructure
# The Health and Family Welfare (H & FW) Department is organized into a number of Directorates whose work is monitored and coordinated by the H & FW Department at the Secretariat. The Department functions under the overall guidance of the Chief Minister Smt. Mamata Banerjee, who is also holding the charge of this Department. This Department is headed by the Health Secretary who oversees the working of various Directorates and develops various policies which gets implemented after the approval of the Chief Minister and the Minister-in-charge.
The State Health Administration has two arms, the Secretariat and the Directorate of Health Services. The Secretariat is headed by the Additional Chief Secretary/ Principal Secretary who is a senior officer of the Indian Administrative Service assisted by Special, Joint, Deputy and Assistant Secretaries. The Director of Health Services and ex-officio Secretary heads the Directorate and is the Chief Technical Advisor to the State Government on all matters related to medical and public health. He is assisted by a number of Additional, Joint, Deputy and Assistant Directors.

The Health Care System has primary health care network, a secondary care system comprising of district and sub-divisional hospitals and tertiary hospitals providing specialty and super specialty care. Each of the eighteen districts is headed by a Chief Medical Officer of Health (C.M.O.H.), assisted by Deputy and Assistant C.M.O.H.s, whose responsibility is to manage the primary health care sector and ensure the effective implementation of the various medical, health and family welfare programmes. #
The secondary level hospitals are headed by medically trained superintendents who report to the C.M.O.H. and are accountable to a hospital management committee. At the block level, the Block Medical Officer is responsible for providing services and for monitoring and supervising the primary health centres and health programme implementation.
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The medical manpower in the State Health System is provided by the State Health Service and in the teaching institutions by the Medical Education Service.The training activities are mainly organised at the Institute of Health & Family Welfare, Bidhannagar, Kolkata, and also at various training schools.
Thus, it is seen that the West Bengal health care infrastructure is divided into three tiers — the primary health care network, a secondary care system comprising district and sub-divisional hospitals and tertiary hospitals providing specialty and super specialty care. A Chief Medical Officer of Health (C.M.O.H.) heads each of the eighteen districts.The responsibility of CMOH is to manage the primary health care sector and ensure the effective implementation of the various medical, health and family welfare programmes. #
The secondary level hospitals (sub-divisional and district hospitals) are headed by superintendents who report to the C.M.O.H. and are accountable to a hospital management committee. At the block level, the Block Medical Officer of Health (BMOH) is responsible for providing services and for monitoring and supervising the primary health centres and health programme implementation.
West Bengal Health Service provides the health care professionals for the state-wide infrastructure, while Medical Education Service employs teachers at the training institutions.
The number and beds sanctioned in different types of healthcare setup, as published by the government of West Bengal, are in the following table. In this table, hospitals under other departments of state government include government undertaking organisations, and rural hospitals include those ones which were upgraded from block primary health centre.
Type of institution Number Number of beds sanctioned
Hospitals/health centers under department of Health and Family Welfare    
Medical College Hospital 12 12,641
District hospital 15 8,204
Subdivisional hospital 45 9,901
State general hospital 33 4,899
Other hospital 33 6,504
Rural hospital 269 8,820
Block Primary health centre 79 1,086
Primary health centre 909 6,592
Subcentre 10,356 0
Hospitals under other departments of state government 72 6,212
Hospitals under local body 31 1,080
Hospitals under government of India 58 7,216
Hospitals under NGO/private 2,013 34,281
Total 13,925 1,07,346
West Bengal Healthcare indices
Following table illustrates some health care indicators of the state, compared to the national indicator, and comparison with some major states that fared better than West Bengal (states with population 20 millions or more as of 2011 national census were considered as major states for this table). These data are based on Sample Registration System of Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India.
Indicator (with year) West Bengal India Rank in India Major states better than West Bengal
Birth rate, 2010 16.8 22.1 4 Kerala (14.8), Tamil Nadu (15.9), Punjab(16.6)
Death rate, 2010 6.0 7.2 1 none
Infant mortality rate, 2010 31 47 4 Kerala (13), Tamil Nadu (24), Maharashtra (28)
Total fertility rate, 2009 1.9 2.6 2 Tamil Nadu (1.7), Kerala (1.7)
Neonatal mortality rate, 2009 25 34 4 Kerala (7), Tamil Nadu (18), Maharashtra (24)
Under 5 mortality rate, 2009 40 64 4 Kerala (14), Tamil Nadu (33), Maharashtra (36)
Maternal mortality ratio, 2007–2009 145 212 5 Kerala (81), Tamil Nadu (97), Maharashtra (104), Andhra Pradesh (134)
Health Statistics of West Bengal
Health Demography Vital Statistics Civil Registration Public Health Socio-Economics Family Welfare
Characteristics at a Glance Birth & Death Rate Since 1983 to 2010 Administrative Setup Anti-Malaria Program 1988-2010 Literacy rate by Districts Service Units on 31.12.2010
Trends in Population Fertility Indicators Birth/Death Registration Epidemiological report of Chikungunya,2010 Literacy rate by urban-rural, 2001 Family Welfare Performance
Sex-ratio since 1911 Mortality Indicator Delayed Registration Leprosy Situation on 31.03.2011 Sex differential in literacy rates Year Wise Achievement
Density Since 1911 Current Live Birth Registration Centres Activities of Drug Control(2010-11) Population by Religion Implementation of Ayushmati Scheme
Area & population Infant Mortality Civil Registration Performance Performance of Regional Institute of Ophthalmology,2010-11 Percentage share of population JSY Beneficiaries

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